Tag: Bible chronology

The Merneptah Stele: Earliest evidence for Israel in Canaan?

Israel In Canaan The Merneptah Stele is a pillar erected by Pharaoh Merneptah, recording his conquests in 13th century BCE Canaan.1 Among them, Merneptah records the Israelites, proving they were established in Canaan by then.2 Challenges A minority of Biblical scholars have challenged the reading of the Merneptah Stele,3 suggesting that it does not refer to the Israelites; representatives of […] 

Does the archaeological ‘Low Chronology’ disprove the Biblical narrative?

The Challenge The ‘Low Chronology’ is a proposed redating of the Iron Age,1 dating the reigns of David and Solomon to a time during which there is no archaeological evidence supporting them.2 The Objections Proposed at least as early as the 1980s,3 the redating received almost no support,4 and was resisted strongly by the archaeological consensus.5 Objections were raised by […] 

Is the Bible’s chronology of the kings of Israel accurate?

The Challenge In the late 19th century, critical scholar Julius Wellhausen claimed the Biblical chronology of the kings of Israel was a literary invention for religious purposes, which had been edited and revised several times from a variety of different sources, rather than a genuine historical record.1 For the next 70 years, critical scholars continued to treat the chronology as […]