Recent posts

Satanology of the Apostolic Fathers: Quadratus

The early second century Christian apologist Quadratus is known only by a fragment of his work quoted by the fourth century Christian historian Eusebius.1 ‘OUR Saviour’s works, moreover, were always present: for they were real, consisting of those who had been healed of their diseases, those who had been raised from the dead; who were not only seen whilst they […] 

Satanology of the Apostolic Fathers: Epistle to Diognetus

Typically dated to the late second century,1 this letter presents views which are remarkably different to those of the Apologists who were his contemporaries. Unlike the Apologists, the writer’s soteriology does not describe Christ as a ransom payment to the devil,2 his hamartiology does not identify the serpent as Satan,3 his martyrology cites only human persecutors (5.17),4 and he does not say the false […] 

New Testament satanology & rabbinic literature

Ex-Christadelphian Tom Farrar has written an article discussing the relevance of post-Christian rabbinic literature to the satanology of the New Testament and early Christianity. His article contains some useful information, but also contains some highly misleading statements. How relevant is rabbinic literature to an understanding of the New Testament? Farrar rightly notes that the relevance of post-Christian rabbinic literature to the […] 

Who says “The devil made me do it”?

Ex-Christadelphian Tom Farrar has written an article objecting to the way Christadelphians characterize mainstream Christian comments about the role of Satan in their life. Over time, in discussions with Christadelphians, I have repeatedly encountered the accusation that Christians who affirm the existence of a personal devil do so in order to avoid taking responsibility for their sins. This idea needs to […]