Category: Creation

The Firmament of Genesis – 1

Biblical literalists claim that the Bible is the only credible source of information on the origin of the universe. John Morris was entirely representative when he said: The biblical record, accepted in its natural and literal sense, gives the only scientific and satisfying account of the origins of all things. The creation account is clear, definite, sequential and matter-of-fact, giving […] 

Geocentrism, Young Earth Creationism and Literalism

Recently, the first Annual Catholic Conference on Geocentrism1 was announced, much to the amusement2 of many sceptics and disbelief of laypeople who were astounded that 400 years after Galileo, educated people would still claim that the sun revolved around the Earth. As with young earth creationism, while elaborate scientific justifications for geocentrism have been formulated, the ultimate motivation for geocentrism […] 

The Ancient Near Eastern Context of Genesis – 5

This entry is part 5 of 5 in the series The Ancient Near Eastern Context of GenesisWenham observes that a creation story quite similar to Genesis existed in Mesopotamia no later than 1600 BCE, which predates both the early and late dates for the Exodus (1450 and 1250 BCE). In its written form, the creation narrative in Genesis is younger […] 

The Ancient Near Eastern Context of Genesis – 4

This entry is part 4 of 5 in the series The Ancient Near Eastern Context of GenesisAs mentioned previously, the old critical scholarly view that Genesis was merely a demythologised version of Enuma Elish and Atrahasis has fallen out of favour. However, the conservative view that the Babylonian stories are corrupted versions of Genesis is likewise hard to defend as […] 

The Ancient Near Eastern Context of Genesis – 3

This entry is part 3 of 5 in the series The Ancient Near Eastern Context of GenesisThe other Babylonian creation epic which is often discussed when the ANE parallels to Genesis 1-11 are discussed is Atrahasis. Unlike Enuma Elish, this epic, which dates to the 18th century BCE, covers both creation and the flood. The first tablet begins with the allocation […] 

The Ancient Near Eastern Context of Genesis – 2

This entry is part 2 of 5 in the series The Ancient Near Eastern Context of GenesisEnuma Elish, commonly known as the “Babylonian Genesis”, was unearthed between 1848 and 1876 in the ruins of old Ninevah in the library of the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE). This story, written on seven tablets is widely accepted as being much older than […] 

The Ancient Near Eastern Context of Genesis – 1

This entry is part 1 of 5 in the series The Ancient Near Eastern Context of GenesisIgnoring the original context of any text is one of the biggest mistakes readers can make.  This goes well beyond the language, as anyone who has read Shakespeare would realise. The problem becomes even more pronounced when we go back to the Ancient Near […] 

Was the Genesis flood narrative copied from Mesopotamian myths?

The Challenge By the end of the 19th century archaeology had discovered many Mesopotamian texts containing creation and flood narratives remarkably similar to those in the Bible. Critical scholars came to believe that the Biblical narratives had simply been copied from earlier Mesopotamian myths.12The Biblical flood narrative in particular is still considered by some scholars to have been borrowed from […]